caesarean section impacts baby

Together with colleagues from Sweden and Luxembourg, scientists from the Luxembourg Centre for Systems Biomedicine (LCSB) of the University of Luxembourg have observed that, during a natural vaginal birth, specific bacteria from the mother’s gut are passed on to the baby and stimulate the baby’s immune responses. This transmission is impacted in children born by caesarean section. “This may explain why, epidemiologically speaking, caesarean-born children suffer more frequently from chronic, immune system-linked diseases compared to babies born vaginally,” says the head of the study Associate Prof. Paul Wilmes. His team has now published its results in the open access journal Nature Communications.

Humans are born germ-free. Yet, birth is normally the time when vitally important bacteria start to colonise the body including the gut, skin and lungs. Researchers have long suspected that this early colonisation sets the course for one’s later health. It could be, however, that a caesarean section prevents certain bacteria, ordinarily interacting with the baby’s immune system, from being passed on from the mother to the new-born. Paul Wilmes, head of the Eco-Systems Biology research group at the LCSB, and his colleagues have now found the first evidence of this in a study of new-borns — half of whom were delivered by caesarean section. Wilmes reports: “We find specific bacterial substances that stimulate the immune system in vaginally born babies. In contrast, the immune stimulation in caesarean children is much lower either because the bacterial triggers are present at much lower levels or other bacterial substances hamper these initial immune reactions to happen.”

This bacterial coloniser-immune system link — together with other factors — could explain why caesarean section babies are statistically more prone to develop allergies, chronic inflammatory diseases and metabolic diseases. “It could be that the immune system of these children is set on a different path early on,” suggests Paul Wilmes. “We now want to further investigate this link mechanistically and find ways by which we might replace the lacking maternal bacterial strains in caesarean-born babies, e.g. by administering probiotics.”

“Of course, it is already clear that we should not intervene too strongly in the birth process. Babies should only be delivered by caesarean section when it is medically necessary,” Paul Wilmes stresses. “We need to be aware that, in doing so, we are apparently intervening massively in the natural interactions between humans and bacteria.”

Materials provided by University of Luxembourg.

Source Science Daily



brought back via hypnosis

pascaThe man behind a world-famous alien abduction claims to have remembered three other terrifying encounters with a faceless woman after being hypnotized last week. Calvin Parker sparked a global media frenzy on October 11 in 1973 after he and his pal Charles Hickson told a sheriff they had been kidnapped by aUFO. The pair had been fishing in Pascagoula River in Mississippi when they said they saw lights across the water before they were floated into a space craft. This episode has gone down in history as the Pascagoula River alien encounter and is considered one of the best-documented cases of an alien abduction. Now, nearly 50 years later, Daily Star Online can reveal that Parker has been hypnotized by UFO researcher and author Kathleen Marden and recounted additional alien encounters. These startling new claims are made in Parkers new book Pascagoula The Story Continues: New Evidence and New Witnesses. Under hypnosis on September 19, Parker told Marden that when he was nine years old he looked out the Read more

hypnosis to ease childbirth and soothe migraine

Hypnosis. Just the word conjures up mental images of swinging pocket watches, swirling eyes and that class party where your friend pretended to be a chicken. But what you may not know is that hypnotism can mean big business with salaries of some hypnotherapists going into the six-figures and stage hypnotists requesting $1,000 – $4,000 […]


Stomach bloating

STOMACH bloating is often described as a physiological process brought on by eating certain foods. Although this rings true for a lot of people, psychological factors can also a play role too.

Stomach bloating is an uncomfortable fact of life for many people. The common complaint is a stretchy, puffy sensation in the tummy, which is usually accompanied by painful abdominal cramps. Lifestyle factors such as eating gassy foods and drinking alcoholic drinks can trigger bloating. What may come as a surprise is the role psychological wellbeing can play in causing digestive upset.

As Dr Diana Gall explained: “When we’re stressed or anxious this puts a lot of pressure on the stomach and causes poor digestion. Stress disrupts the balance of hormones and bacteria in the gut which alters digestion, either slowing it down or speeding it up, and makes it difficult to break down food.”

This also has a knock-on effect on “intestinal permeability,” according to Dr Brewer, Medical Director of Healthspan.

“Stress can also affect intestinal permeability (so-called leaky gut which lets food particles and bacteria into the circulation) or alter the balance of digestive bacteria to increase gas production, distension and bloating,” she explained.

This is often why people feel sick when they are nervous, stressed or anxious, and may experience bloating, constipation, diarrhoea, or even vomiting, said Dr Gall.

Conversely, growing evidence shows that digestive microflora plays a role in the management of stress and anxiety as bowel bacteria secrete substances that can have indirect effects on the brain, said Dr Brewer.

As Dr Brewer explained: “Serotonin is best known as a brain transmitter that regulates mood, but it’s now estimated that 90 per cent of the body’s serotonin is actually made by cells lining the digestive tract.

A symptom of anxiety known as hyperventilation or breathing heavily and rapidly can also lead to stomach bloating, explained Dr Gall.

“Taking in too much oxygen during an anxiety attack leads to bloating and sometimes heartburn, you may find that you’re burping more before or after an attack to try and release some of the air,” she added.

What can be done to treat it?

Stress management techniques are key to maintaining gut health, said Dr Gall.

One simple coping strategy is to avoid arguing at meal times and keep relaxed while eating, she said.

“While your mental wellbeing has a direct effect on your gut, gut problems such as bloating can also cause feelings of anxiety,” noted Dr Gall.

If a person is hyperventilating, she also recommended trying to slow down breathing to prevent excess air getting in and bloating a person’s stomach.

“Practicing breathing exercises is great for calming you down and improving the condition of your gut too,” she added.

Dr Meg Arroll echoed this advice but went one step further: “Anything that you find relaxing and that effectively manages your stress levels will also temper the gut-brain axis.”

Dr Arroll also suggested undergoing gut-directed hypnotherapy, “which uses psychological processes to calm the workings of the gut, reducing bloating and related symptoms,” she said.

Another way to address the problem is to cut down on the culprits that tend to trigger bloating, advised Dr Brewer.

“Common culprits include wheat, gluten, lactose, yeast, onions, beans, excess sugar and artificial sweeteners, she said.

Dr Brewer added: “You may be advised to follow a low FODMAP diet (FODMAP stands for Fermentable Oligosaccharides, Disaccharides, Monosaccharides And Polyols) which are a group of fermentable (gas-producing) sugars and fibres.”

Probiotics may also help to banish the bloat. “A probiotic supplement can help by reducing growth of gas-forming bacteria in the gut,” said Dr Brewer.

NICE guidelines also recommend that if a person opts for probiotics, these should be taken for at least four weeks while monitoring the effect, she cautioned.

Source Express

Ashley Darby and Why It Also ‘Scares’ Her

Ashley Darby, 31, is loving being a new mother to her newborn son, Dean, who was born on July 7, but when it comes to expanding her family in the future, she’s still cautious. The Real Housewives of Potomac star has been open about her and her 59-year-old husband Michael‘s struggles to conceive before Dean and now that he’s here, she would love a sibling for him, but she understandably still gets a bit “scared” in knowing another struggle is a possibility.

Hypnotherapy Can Help Fight Your Chronic Pain

Hypnotherapy Can Help Fight Your Chronic Pain

Take control of your chronic pain when the doctors are letting you down. 

Do you suffer from chronic pain? Has your physician tried everything and told you there is nothing more they can do to help you and that you should learn to live with your pain? If so, you should know this, you can control your pain better with self hypnosis, a form of hypnotherapy.

Often, when someone is suffering from chronic pain, their doctors try all the procedures and medications they can, only to tell their clients that they cannot help them. They suggest that they need to learn to cope with the pain. Sometimes they refer them to clinics for chronic pain, but even they cannot help. Unfortunately, many physicians do not know that hypnosis can help. Here’s a brief overview of how and why it can be worth pursuing…

The benefits of hypnosis are not well understood in this country. Stage hypnosis and Woody Allen movies have given it a undeserved bad reputation. Stage theatrics make it look as if people will do silly or even illegal things while in trance.

It also keeps the myth alive that the hypnotist is controling the person who is in the trance. In actuality, no one will do anything that they do not feel comfortable doing while they are hypnotized. Stage hypnotists choose people who volunteer and want to put on a show.

They take several volunteers in case not all of them are actually ready to be a clown on stage. Often only one or two people comply. In reality, the person in trance is in charge of the session.

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Real hypnosis can have many benefits for people with chronic pain; here’s why:

It gives you more self-control

Clinical hypnosis allows people to reach a higher level of self control, making it possible to overcome issues with which they are struggling. That is why it can help people stop smoking, relax, overcome insomnia, heal from operations and manage pain, to name just a few of the medical uses of hypnosis.

In brief, the reason hypnosis works is that it allows you to access parts of your brain that are normally automatic which are controlled by unconscious mechanisms in your brain. An example of this kind of mechanism is the uncanny ability people can have to lift a car following an accident or to feel no pain until help arrives on the scene of an accident.

If you suffer from chronic pain like migraine headaches or backaches, learning how to use self hypnosis can help you take control of these unconscious mechanisms. If you are not getting enough relief from medications or are concerned about becoming addicted to pain medications, consult with a clinical psychologist who has been trained in the use of clinical hypnosis.

Chronic pain can be devastating, especially if your doctor is giving you no hope. Trying alternative methods of pain reduction can greatly increase your chances of managing your pain. By taking the time to learn self hypnosis, or hire someone to teach you, you can take back control of your life and your health.

Source Yourtango


Mother’s Day

Mother’s Day is a celebration honoring the mother of the family, as well as motherhood, maternal bonds, and the influence of mothers in society. It is celebrated on various days in many parts of the world, most commonly in the months of March or May. It complements similar celebrations honoring family members, such as Father’s Day, Siblings Day, and Grandparents Day.

The modern Mother’s day began in the United States, at the initiative of Anna Jarvis in the early 20th century. This is not (directly) related to the many traditional celebrations of mothers and motherhood that have existed throughout the world over thousands of years, such as the Greek cult to Cybele, the Roman festival of Hilaria, or the Christian Mothering Sunday celebration (originally a commemoration of Mother Church, not motherhood). However, in some countries, Mother’s Day is still synonymous with these older traditions.

The U.S.-derived modern version of Mother’s Day has been criticized for having become too commercialized. Founder Jarvis herself regretted this  and expressed views on how that was never her intention.

The modern holiday of Mother’s Day was first celebrated in 1908, when Anna Jarvis held a memorial for her mother at St Andrew’s Methodist Church in Grafton, West Virginia.[St Andrew’s Methodist Church now holds the International Mother’s Day Shrine.[Her campaign to make Mother’s Day a recognized holiday in the United States began in 1905, the year her mother, Ann Reeves Jarvis, died. Ann Jarvis had been a peace activist who cared for wounded soldiers on both sides of the American Civil War, and created Mother’s Day Work Clubs to address public health issues. Anna Jarvis wanted to honor her mother by continuing the work she started and to set aside a day to honor all mothers because she believed a mother is “the person who has done more for you than anyone in the world”.

In 1908, the U.S. Congress rejected a proposal to make Mother’s Day an official holiday, joking that they would also have to proclaim a “Mother-in-law’s Day”.However, owing to the efforts of Anna Jarvis, by 1911 all U.S. states observed the holiday, with some of them officially recognizing Mother’s Day as a local holiday (the first being West Virginia, Jarvis’ home state, in 1910). In 1914, Woodrow Wilson signed a proclamation designating Mother’s Day, held on the second Sunday in May, as a national holiday to honor mothers.

Although Jarvis was successful in founding Mother’s Day, she became resentful of the commercialization of the holiday. By the early 1920s, Hallmark Cards and other companies had started selling Mother’s Day cards. Jarvis believed that the companies had misinterpreted and exploited the idea of Mother’s Day, and that the emphasis of the holiday was on sentiment, not profit. As a result, she organized boycotts of Mother’s Day, and threatened to issue lawsuits against the companies involved.[Jarvis argued that people should appreciate and honor their mothers through handwritten letters expressing their love and gratitude, instead of buying gifts and pre-made cards.[Jarvis protested at a candy makers’ convention in Philadelphia in 1923, and at a meeting of American War Mothers in 1925. By this time, carnations had become associated with Mother’s Day, and the selling of carnations by the American War Mothers to raise money angered Jarvis, who was arrested for disturbing the peace.

In 1912 Anna Jarvis trademarked the phrase “Second Sunday in May, Mother’s Day, Anna Jarvis, Founder”, and created the Mother’s Day International Association. She specifically noted that “Mother’s” should “be a singular possessive, for each family to honor its own mother, not a plural possessive commemorating all mothers in the world.This is also the spelling used by U.S. President Woodrow Wilson in his 1914 presidential proclamation, by the U.S. Congress in relevant bills, and by various U.S. presidents in their proclamations concerning Mother’s Day.[

While the United States holiday was adopted by some other countries, existing celebrations, held on different dates, honouring motherhood have become described as “Mother’s Day”, such as Mothering Sunday in the United Kingdom or, in Greece, the Eastern Orthodox celebration of the presentation of Jesus Christ to the temple (2 February of Julian Calendar). Both the secular and religious Mother Day are present in Greece. Mothering Sunday is often referred to as “Mother’s Day” even though it is an unrelated celebration.

In some countries, the date adopted is one significant to the majority religion, such as Virgin Mary Day in Catholic countries. Other countries selected a date with historical significance. For example, Bolivia’s Mother’s Day is a fixed date, remembering of a battle in which women participated to defend their children.[See the “International history and tradition” section for the complete list.

Some ex-socialist countries, such as Russia, celebrated International Women’s Day instead of Mother’s Day or simply celebrate both holidays, which is the custom in Ukraine. Kyrgyzstan has recently introduced Mother’s Day, but “year on year International Women’s Day is certainly increasing in status”.

Source: Wiki

Tummy Fat and how to lose it